WEEK 4 pOSTS 1-3


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  1. Use only the assigned readings to respond to the discussion posts.
  2. Your post must include at least one quote from each text used to receive full credit



Post 1: How does Robert Hayden recover what had been lost of the African-American experience in his poetry? Give examples from each of Hayden’s poems assigned. Be sure to quote, cite, and reference from the text(s) using appropriate APA format. Your post must be at least 250 words.

Post 3: In the graphic novel Maus, how does Art Spiegelman demonstrate “the depth and subtlety that we have come to expect of traditional novels and extended nonfictional texts”? (See the definition of graphic novel in this week’s Terms lecture.) Comment on Spiegelman’s success. Be sure to quote, cite, and reference from the text(s) using appropriate APA format. Your post must be at least 250 words.


Robert Hayden (1913-1980), was born in a ghetto nicknamed “Paradise Valley” in Detroit, Michigan.  He was raised by foster parents, Sue Ellen Westerfield and William Hayden.  In his childhood, he witnessed many fights and was sometimes beaten.  This difficult childhood affected Hayden throughout his life, and he experienced periods of depression, which he called “my dark nights of the soul.”  Hayden was a chronicler of the African-American experience, and he focused on what had vanished from standard histories.  “Middle Passage” describes the suffering of the men and women aboard slave ships and recounts the rebellion led by the slave Cinquez on the Amistad.

 For more information about Hayden, visit The National Poetry Foundation’s website. 


Robert Hayden


Art Spiegelman, a.k.a. Itzak Avraham ben Zev (b.1948) is a New-York-based American cartoonist, editor, and comics advocate.  He is best known for his graphic novel Maus, which firmly established the relevance of this genre.  Maus describes an interview between a father and son, Art and Vladek Spiegelman, concerning the father’s experiences during the Holocaust.  The section you are reading highlights the conflict between the father and his wife before they have children and the way they dealt with the beginnings of their oppression.

You can listen to an interview with Spiegelman and learn more about the making of Maus at PBS.org’s POV website and by viewing the video below.


Embedded Video Player: Art of Spiegelman

Art of Spiegelman

User: Toronto Jewish Film Festival – Added: 4/25/12

Toronto Jewish Film Festival (2012, Apr. 24).  Art of Spiegelman.  Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=THn6Za_nutw.


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