Music final

           

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1. List the Romantic composers according to their styles i.e. Conservative, Radical or in the middle. (16)

2. What is the term for a piece of music which suggests or is based on a story or something outside of itself? (2)

3. Which of Wagner’s operas is responsible for leading to the dissolution of tonality? (2)

4. Who was the principal successor to Schubert and Schumann in the area of German lieder? (2)

5. Wagner was to German opera what ________ was to Italian opera. (2)

6. As the 19th C. progressed, Italy became one of the main operatic centers. Why? (2)

7. Which composer patterned many of his piano pieces on the dances of his native Poland? (2)

8. What 2 composers of German lieder were famous for their song cycles? (4)

9. Define “ gesamkunstwerk”. (2)

10. True or False – one of the principles used by Wagner to unite his operas was the use of leitmotifs. (2)

11. Trace the line of symphonic composers beginning with Haydn. (16)

12. Richard Strauss wrote primarily what 2 types of music? (4)

13. Name the composers who make up “The Mighty Handful.” (10)

14. Supply a Nationalistic composer for each country: (10)

Norway

Finland

Czechoslovakia

England

USA

15. In addition to being composers, what was Strauss and Mahler’s other principal music activity. (2)

16. Which composer is comparable only to Berlioz in his unique treatment of instrumental combinations? (2)

17. Name the artistic style that most influenced these composers: (4)

Debussy

Puccini

18. What were the 2 types of symphonic poems written by Richard Strauss? Describe each. (8)

19. True or False – Debussy and Ravel’s piano music constitutes the greatest contribution to the piano repertoire in the 20th century. (2)

20. Describe what elements characterize Nationalistic music. (Example: use of pentatonic scales)(4)

21. Give the three main tendencies or styles of music being written in the first half of the 20th century and a representative composer for each. (12)

22. What was the movement in music and art that influenced certain early 20th century composers?

Which composers were influenced by it? What were its characteristics? (6)

23. True or False – Schoenberg’s early works were based on the chromatic idiom derived from

Wagner’s opera, Parsifal. (2)

24. How did Schoenberg’s style change during his second style period? What “special effects” did he use? (6)

25. What two composers came out of the Second Viennese School besides Schoenberg? Which one

represented Schoenberg’s romantic potential? His classical potential? (8)

26. What work helped make Berg more successful than others of the Viennese school, during his lifetime? (2)

27. What Schoenberg work is based on characters from the Comedia del’Arte? How many songs were included in the work? In each section? What were the “titles” of each section? (12)

28. What was the ruling principal in Webern’s work?(2)

29. Define atonality. (2)

30. What is Sprechstimme? Which composer originated it? How is it notated in music? (6)

31. What technique, originating in the Renaissance and Baroque, did Schoenberg use to unify his pieces? (2)

32. How did the dictatorships in Russia and Germany affect the composers in these countries? (2)

33. Name the 3 alterations which may be done to the basic tone row, aside from transposition. (6)

34. Give at least 3 characteristics of the expressionist movement; the neo-classical movement. (12)

35. Describe the 4 principles of the 12 tone technique. (8)

36. Name 4 reasons Schoenberg’s pieces may be difficult to listen to. (8)

37. True or False – Most of Berg’s works are in chamber style – half instrumental and half choral. (2)

38. List Stravinsky’s 3 main ballets. Which of these is considered the culminating point of primitivism? (8)

39. Why did Stravinsky basically stop writing ballets from 1913-1923? (2)

40. Give an example of Stravinsky’s style characteristics in each of the following areas: (6)

Rhythm

Harmony

Orchestration

41. List three reasons why Bartok was so important. (6)

42. What is the Mikrokosmos? (2)

43. Which American composer was an insurance salesman in everyday life? (2)

44. Give 4 differences between ragtime and early jazz. (8)

45. Who are considered the top 5 lyricists in the American Musical Theatre? The three greatest composers? (16)

46. List and describe the 6 different types of shows produced in the 19th century. Which one served

as the foundation for our current American Musical Theatre? (24)

47. What musical, premiering in 1943, was responsible for the complete integration of music, lyrics and dance (all elements advance the plot)? (2)

48. List the five major musicals of Rodgers and Hammerstein. (10)

49. Which 2 American composers wrote successfully for both the classical concert hall and musical theatre? (4)

50. Which European operetta team had the greatest influence on the development of the American Musical Theatre? (4)

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