GEOG 1112 Lab 5 Global Temperature Patterns
The purpose of this lab is for you to understand global temperature patterns, more specifically, the factors affecting average air temperature and temperature range. Background Air temperature is affected by latitude, seasonality, length of day, altitude, maritime and continental locations (distance to ocean), and many other local factors. Therefore, we can roughly estimate average temperature for a specific place based on these factors even without measurements. Lower latitudes have higher temperatures than higher latitudes in the same season. Compared to continental locations, coastal locations at the same latitudes have lower temperatures in summer and higher temperatures in winter. Temperature range is also affected by the above factors, but mainly affected by latitude and distance to ocean. Tropical areas have smaller range than higher latitude area. Continental locations have larger range than costal area. Therefore, we can roughly estimate average temperature range for a specific place based on its location even without measurements. Please figure out the answers based on your understanding of the relationships between the factors and temperature. You may use online map to find out the location of each place, but please do not search the actual climate data.
Assignment (Total 100 points, 4 point each blank)
1. Monthly Average Temperature Please compare the monthly average temperature between two places, only considering latitude, season, and distance to ocean. Use “>” or “<” to fill in the blank.
Tips: 1) Think out Season first, Temperature in summer > in winter.
2) If both are in the same season. Think about latitude. Temperature in lower latitude > in higher latitude.
3) If both are in the same season and in the same range of latitudes. Think about distance to ocean. In summer, Temperature in the place further away from ocean > temperature in the place closer to ocean. It is opposite in winter.
1) Sydney, Australia, July _______________ Shanghai, China, July
2) Shanghai, China, July________________ Beijing, China, July
3) Beijing, China, July________________ Havana, Cuba, July
4) Havana, Cuba, July_________________Santiago, Chile, July
5) Santiago, Chile, January__________ Houston, US, January
6) Houston, US, January __________Paris, France, January
7) Paris, France, January ___________Moscow, Russia, January
8) Moscow, Russia, January ______________Cape Town, South Africa, July
9) Cape Town, South Africa, July_________Luanda, Angola, July
10) Luanda, Angola, July ________________Bangkok, Thailand, July
11)Bangkok, Thailand, July______________San Francisco, US, July
12) San Francisco, US, July_______________Kansas City, US, July
13) Kansas City, US, January______________ Baltimore, US, January
14)Baltimore, US, January_____________Montevideo, Uruguay, July
15) Montevideo, Uruguay, July___________Kabul, Afghanstan, January 3
2. Annual Temperature Range Please compare average annual temperature range between two places, only considering latitude and distance to ocean. Use “>” or “<” to fill in the blank. Tips: 1) Think about latitude first. Temperature Range in higher latitude > in lowerer latitude. 2) If both are in the same range of latitudes. Think about distance to ocean. Temperature Range in the place further away from ocean > in the place closer to ocean.
1) Sydney, Australia _______________ Oklahoma City, USA
2) Oklahoma City, USA________________ New York City, USA
3) New York City, USA________________Singapore, Singapore
4) Singapore, Singapore________________Seoul, South Korea
5) Seoul, South Korea _________ _ Urumqi, China
6) Urumqi, China _____ _____Buenos Aires, Argentina
7) Buenos Aires, Argentina__________Edmonton, Canada
8) Edmonton, Canada ______________Nairobi, Kenya
9) Nairobi, Kenya__________________Warsaw, Poland
10) Warsaw, Poland__________________Astana, Kazakhstan