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Perception of Workplace Violence in the Emergency Department

This article is a cross-sectional study using healthcare professionals, surveying their workplace violence history, the amount of violence, and the type by emergency room nurses and physicians. Types of abuse were conducted as verbal, physical and conformation. Information also led to the impact of workplace violence on staff and how satisfied, feeling scared, loss of sleep and missing work were caused. One strength of this article was the questionnaire and the data that was provided using statistical analysis. A weakness of the article is the conclusion and what the results showed and how they affected staff at the VA hospitals and the huge impact that violence had on staff members.

Reference:

Seema Sachdeva, Nayer Jamshed, Praveen Aggarwal, & Suman R Kashyap. (2019). Perception of workplace violence in the emergency department. Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock, 12(3), 179–184. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.4103/JETS.JETS_81_1

Physical and Verbal Assault on Medical Staff in Emergency Hospital Departments in Abha City, Saudi Arabia.

A questionnaire was used to evaluate workplace violence on emergency room medical staff of different emergency rooms around Saudi Arabia. This article had a strong background thesis and it provided the reader with facts about workplace violence. The different emergency room staff were used to collect data from staff using demographics, work history, and personal data and then the violence history questions were included. A weakness of this article was that it lacked relevance in demographics, marital status and age in my opinion to the thesis at hand.

Reference:

Alqahtani, M. A., Alsaleem, S. A., & Qassem, M. Y. (2020). Physical and Verbal Assault on Medical Staff in Emergency Hospital Departments in Abha City, Saudi Arabia. Middle East Journal of Family Medicine, 18(2), 94–100. 

Workplace Violence and Perceptions of Safety Among Emergency Department Staff Members: Experiences, Expectations, Tolerance, Reporting, and Recommendations

This article started with a great abstract, summarizing key details to be explained later on in the article. Statistics and comparisons were used to explain the impact and severity of workplace violence and the effect on health care providers. A study was conducted at a Level 1 Shock Trauma Center with strategies already in place with a survey sent out electronically analyzing demographics and violent incidents. The ENA definition of WPV which states “any physical assault; emotional or verbal abuse; or threatening, harassing or coercive behavior in the work setting that causes physical and/or emotional harm” (Copeland & Henry, 2017). A weakness of this article was that only one facility in the area was analyzed and difficult to compare the results of the surrounding areas.

Reference:

Copeland, D., & Henry, M. (2017). Workplace Violence and Perceptions of Safety Among Emergency Department Staff Members: Experiences, Expectations, Tolerance, Reporting, and Recommendations. Journal of Trauma Nursing, 24(2), 65–77. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1097/JTN.0000000000000269

Workplace Violence against Residents in the Emergency Department and Reasons for not Reporting Them; a Cross-Sectional Study

Emergency Department residents were analyzed in a cross-sectional study of three teaching hospitals in Iran. A questionnaire was used analyzing demographics and the type and the reporting incidents when the violence was present. A strength of this article was the referencing of the World Health Organization and the statistics used to create a strong background of workplace violence and the prevalence. A weakness of this article was the limitation of time due to the time constraint that was conducted for the study. The study only analyzed 1 year of experiences despite longer educational programs of how long residents are in their practicum. 

Reference:

Emam, G. H., Alimohammadi, H., Sadrabad, A. Z., & Hatamabadi, H. (2018). Workplace Violence against Residents in the Emergency Department and Reasons for not Reporting Them; a Cross Sectional Study. Emergency, 6(1), 1–7.

Quality of work-life and its association with workplace violence of the nurses in emergency departments

Nurses were analyzed on how violence affected their home life, using a descriptive-correlational study with a questionnaire. The article had a strong and detailed introduction explaining the importance of the quality of work life. High quality work-life can create nursing retention and delivery of quality patient care. A weakness of this article was the details of the questionnaire were lengthy and divided into 3 different parts analyzing in-depth information of the nurses which can take a significant amount of time. 

Reference:

Eslamian, J., Akbarpoor, A. A., & Hoseini, S. A. (2015). Quality of work-life and its association with workplace violence of the nurses in emergency departments. Iranian Journal of Nursing & Midwifery Research, 20(1), 56–62.

Worker, workplace, and community/environmental risk factors for workplace violence in emergency departments

Six different emergency departments were used in cross-sectional research design, completing a survey on demographics. Over 280 respondents completed the survey and answers were analyzed. The article had great breakdowns of charts, common answers among hospital personnel and the different types of violence. A weakness in this article was the different variables of workplaces in different areas of the United States. Depending on the demographic area can change the environment for nurses and staff who are completing the surveys. 

Reference:

Gillespie, G. L., Pekar, B., Byczkowski, T. L., & Fisher, B. S. (2017). Worker, workplace, and community/environmental risk factors for workplace violence in emergency departments. Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health, 72(2), 79–86. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1080/19338244.2016.1160861

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